Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common chronic musculoskeletal conditions seen by physiotherapists and affects a large number of Australians. It is generally considered a degenerative condition (occurs via wear and tear). Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition in which the hyaline articular cartilage thins, develops cracks and can eventually wear away.

Causes for osteoarthritis (OA) in knee

  • Weight – As we all know knee joint is weight bearing joint and research have shown that every one Kilo weight gain adds 4 kilos of load on your knee joints. Being overweight increases the risk of knee OA, as well as the likelihood of it progressing.
  • Age – More common in people above 45 of age.
  • Past history of trauma or surgery to the knee.
  • Family history of knee osteoarthritis (OA).
  • Weak Muscle or decreased physical exercise.
  • Heavy loading occupations.
  • Knee or lower limb deformities.

Common Symptoms May include

  • stiffness in the morning or after prolonged sitting
  • pain with prolonged periods of walking or standing
  • difficulty with activities such as stair climbing and stair descending
  • joint swelling
  • clicking, clunking, crunching or catching within the joint
  • reduced joint flexibility (bending or straightening)
  • altered joint shape and size
  • altered leg posture (eg, ‘knock knees’ or ‘bow legs’)
  • a feeling of instability or giving way in the knee

How Physio Can help

  • Develop an exercise program – We at Enrich Physio use state of art exercise prescription software and the app so you can follow your exercises developed by the physio at home.
  • Activity Modification: We help identify and modify pain causing activities and movements.
  • Advice on Weight Management: Did you know 10% in weight reduction can benefit in 30 % reduction in your Knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain.
  • Manual Therapy: Techniques such as massage may form part of a treatment program if a person has restricted flexibility in their knee (or hip or ankle) that might be placing increased stress on their knee joint.
  • Dry needling: This can help in the reduction of pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain.

For more information please call on 1300 236 742 or visit to book an online appointment