Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common chronic musculoskeletal conditions seen by physiotherapists and affects a large number of Australians. It is generally considered a degenerative condition (occurs via wear and tear). Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition in which the hyaline articular cartilage thins, develops cracks and can eventually wear away.
Causes for osteoarthritis (OA) in knee
- Weight – As we all know knee joint is weight bearing joint and research have shown that every one Kilo weight gain adds 4 kilos of load on your knee joints. Being overweight increases the risk of knee OA, as well as the likelihood of it progressing.
- Age – More common in people above 45 of age.
- Past history of trauma or surgery to the knee.
- Family history of knee osteoarthritis (OA).
- Weak Muscle or decreased physical exercise.
- Heavy loading occupations.
- Knee or lower limb deformities.
Common Symptoms May include
- stiffness in the morning or after prolonged sitting
- pain with prolonged periods of walking or standing
- difficulty with activities such as stair climbing and stair descending
- joint swelling
- clicking, clunking, crunching or catching within the joint
- reduced joint flexibility (bending or straightening)
- altered joint shape and size
- altered leg posture (eg, ‘knock knees’ or ‘bow legs’)
- a feeling of instability or giving way in the knee
How Physio Can help
- Develop an exercise program – We at Enrich Physio use state of art exercise prescription software and the app so you can follow your exercises developed by the physio at home.
- Activity Modification: We help identify and modify pain causing activities and movements.
- Advice on Weight Management: Did you know 10% in weight reduction can benefit in 30 % reduction in your Knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain.
- Manual Therapy: Techniques such as massage may form part of a treatment program if a person has restricted flexibility in their knee (or hip or ankle) that might be placing increased stress on their knee joint.
- Dry needling: This can help in the reduction of pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain.